Mental Health Scenario in India
Magnitude of Mental Illnesses in Tamil Nadu
In order to assess the viability of this project, a Techno-Economic Viability (TEV) study (by Dun & Bradstreet) was conducted to determine the need for mental healthcare services in India, with focus on the project location – Tamil Nadu.
Key findings of the TEV study are given below, indicating the need for better mental healthcare facilities in Tamil Nadu:
Nearly 67 lakh adults (>18 years) and 3.8 lakh adolescents are likely to be suffering one or more mental health problems.
Around 7 Million people suffer from Common Mental disorders (including depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders)
Around 7 lakh people suffer from Severe Mental illnesses
Schizophrenia & other Psychotic disorders are higher among female than male (0.4% vs. 0.3%) and is in the age group of 30-39 years (0.7%).
Almost 23,000 above the age of 60 suffer from geriatric psychiatric disorders like Dementia / Depression
Around 2 lakh children suffer from subnormal intelligence and Learning Disorders (LDs)
Around 11 lakh children suffer from other childhood psychiatric problems
Around 15 lakh people suffer from Alcohol abuse and Substance misuse related problems.
- The burden of mental disorders continues to grow with significant impacts on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in all countries of the world.
- an estimated 264 million people are affected by depression. More women are affected than men.
- Bipolar disorder affects about 45 million people worldwide
- Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, affecting 20 million people worldwide
- Worldwide, approximately 50 million people have dementia
- In low- and middle-income countries, between 76% and 85% of people with mental disorders receive no treatment for their disorder.